## Kindergarten Overview: Objects, Positions, and Quantity

Kindergarten students make a very important step in their mathematical education — in this grade, they transition to abstract thinking. Whereas in Pre-Kindergarten they lightly touched upon cubes as abstract objects, in Kindergarten they will become familiar with the Number Line and Base-10 Blocks. Here, the first math signs appear (plus and minus). Students will […]

## Pre-Kindergarten Overview: Introduction to the Math World

This is the very beginning of an amazing trip into the world of mathematics! It will turn out to be a life-long journey, as math is so much more than part of the educational process. The design of the Pre-Kindergarten exercises is very friendly and includes a lot of game-like tasks because the youngest students […]

## 7 Classroom Ideas for Building +/- Fact Fluency

Are your primary students now confident in counting through double digits and even showing a solid understanding of simple addition and subtraction? If so, then it’s time for your students to advance their mastery by building fact fluency. And here are some fun activities that will help them do just that …

## Teacher’s Best Friend: Base-10 Blocks

As your K-1 students move into addition through 10, they will need to relate the concrete to the abstract to transition smoothly. Using base-10 blocks to represent equations is a great way to provide the conceptual understanding of those equations and the strategies for solving them. In alignment with CCSS goals, it builds a much deeper knowledge of addition than just memorizing facts. Assuming your students understand the basics of place value, here are several strategies for teaching addition through 10 with base-10 blocks…

## Place Value: Building a Strong Foundation

Even if your primary students are at the point of knowing number names far beyond 10, this doesn’t guarantee that they can think about and manipulate larger numbers properly, as their knowledge may represent linguistic skills more so than math skills. Early understanding of place value is an important milestone for your students as they advance in numeration and operations. Here are some activities to help your students to move toward this milestone …

## Hitting Math Benchmarks in K-2 (Case Study)

After mind-growing lessons that focus on conceptual understanding, can students succeed on such abstract tests that only measure procedural fluency? Will the tests cause trauma or anxiety in our youngest students (as it often does in teachers!)? At Slackwood Elementary School in New Jersey, math specialist George Regan set out to answer these questions with some research of his own. We’ve assembled this case study to share his findings and encourage you in your pursuit of best practices in math instruction…

## What Does Gravity Have to Do with K-2 Math? (why above/below is easier to learn than left/right)

“A little to the left . . . no, the left . . . not your left, my left!” Even adults get into this confusing situation at times, so imagine how tricky relative positions are for children! While above/below and in front of/behind come fairly easily, left/right relationships are much more challenging.

Have you ever wondered why? In this post, we’ll explain this fun math quirk…